What is Database?

What_is_a_Database2Database is an organized collection of the information, (data could be in the form of  almost every kind of information basically like text, tables, reports, scripts, graphics and etc.) which is used for a comfortable managing and systematizing, usually with an easy access to it, so that the data could be managed, refreshed and updated anytime when needed. There are a lots of special computer software applications for managing the database management systems that interact with the users or some other applications, and of course the database itself to capture and analyze the data.  The most well-known ones are like: DBMSs include MySQL, PostgreSQL, Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle, Sybase and IBM DB2. Basically they all are just a programs that let you store and retrieve that data as efficiently as it is possible. Database management systems are mostly classified according to the database model that they support and the most popular database systems since the 1980s have all supported the relational model as represented by the SQL language.

As we figured out what exactly database is, let’s say a word about what MySQL is. Many computer programs, including web-based programs need to store and retrieve data. Actually you don’t need to be a programmer to be a webmaster. Let’s use the analogy of the car: let’s imagine that MySQL is like the car engine. You don’t need to know how the car engine is built to be able to drive the car, so also you do not need to learn how exactly to write or read a MySQL database to manage a software. Anyway MySQL software is an Open Source so that means that anyone can download the MySQL software from the Internet for free and it is available to anybody who wants to use and modify the software. You only need to learn the source code so you can change it according to your needs, and it is absolutely legal. The MySQL Database Server is very fast, reliable, scalable, and easy to use. You can comfortably work with it on a desktop or laptop, through any of your applications, web servers, and stuff like that. If you dedicate an entire machine to MySQL, you can manage the settings to use all the memory, CPU, and I/O capacity available and also scale up to clusters of machines on the same network. Originally MySQL was developed to serve a maximum large databases much faster than other existing software and it has been successfully used for several years. As  MySQL Server is being constantly developed, today it can offer us a rich and useful set of functions. MySQL Server is very popular and world-wide because of its connectivity, speed, and security, so that makes is highly suited for accessing databases on the Internet.



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How to get started?


Getting started. Well, first of all that means to start something new. That part is always very interesting and very exiting what is great! But what if never you never had a deal with that? What if you are not any experienced? Probably you are going to have some questions, some doubts, and most likely you are going to need some piece of advice. And that is exactly what we are going to talk about. First of all we are talking about web hosting so just to make thing clear let’s say a coupe words about what exactly web hosting is. Shortly “hosting” is kind of a service which helps you to make your website and all the information on your website accessible to all other people on the Internet. When you create your website and you want it to be seen for the others you need to publish it with the help of a web hosting service. But there are many of web hosting types and services you are going to meet. For example there are Shared Hosting, VPS Hosting, Cloud Hosting, Reseller Hosting or Dedicated Server’s hosting. That might be kind of confusing, right? You must be wondering what is what? You must be thinking what kind of hosting would satisfy your needs the best? And probably you must be doubting about what type of hosting you would finally pick? No worries! We’re gonna help you to choose the best hosting and find right solution! Basically you know what you’re doing! There are only a few things left for you to do. Let’s just find out what your business is, how big your project is and what your plans are. This is it! A few steps and your there. Now let’s get to know more about each types of hosting that we mentioned before:

Shared Hosting:
Simply comes from the word share. That means that you literally share your server resources with the other users which are placed on the same hardware with you, but you still have a full access to your dedicated account with your own Internet domain name and a set amount of resources and features. Mostly people use shared hosting for not such big projects or the web sites with very high traffic. If your project is not this big shared hosting might perfectly satisfy all the options for your hosting needs. Shared hosting also might be very good for the beginners and also it is the least expensive of all paid hosting options, always affordable and perfect for the budget projects.

VPS Hosting:
It is pretty much the same as shared hosting but there are some benefits which make it better, and it’s for a reason. Let’s use the analogy of a house vs. an apartment building for rent to describe the difference. Let’s imagine there is a building with many families living there. If shared hosting is like one apartment, which shares the building with other families who are only supposed to use a portion of the resources of the physical server and the resources are limited, then VPS hosting is pretty much like the whole floor for one family also using a portion of the resources of the physical server which now do not need to be equal, but in total cannot exceed what the physical server has in it. That means that you can always control the usage of your resources for less or more however you want to go, according to your needs, which makes it very practical and comfortable.

Dedicated Server’s hosting:
If your project is big and fast-growing, if you have great plans and if you are going to spread your business to gigantic corporation you definitely would need a dedicated server (at least one). We compared the shared hosting and the VPS hosting with the apartment. But if you host dedicated server that means that the whole building is yours. Feel the difference. There are many different dedicated servers with different configurations you can host, depending on your needs. You can always start with the smaller and migrate to the bigger and more powerful one as you grow. It’s always up to you.

Cloud Hosting:
It is an innovative technology that is revolutionizing the way we do computing. The key concept of cloud is that you don’t buy the hardware, or even the software, with help of cloud hosting you make your investment smaller and oriented to operations rather than to assets acquisition. Another thing – it is not expensive. And after all, you will sleep easy knowing that all your data is safe in the cloud, housed and backed-up securely inside redundant systems, meaning they are virtually disaster-proof.

Reseller Hosting:
As one of the web-hosting types being it is also pretty similar to the others, and it works pretty much the same as the shared hosting. Shared hosting is usually hosted by a single owner who is provided with one c-panel for managing all of his domains. But the Reseller Hosting is purposed for the host who obviously has intention to resell his own hosting so usually he is provided with the numerous (or as many as needed) of the c-panels, one for each domain and that’s the difference;

You always can pick one of them, just find out which type is best for you and go ahead. Let’s get started!

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Why images on your homepage matter?

Whyimagesonyourhomepagematter     Each website owner have some sort of aim to rise view statistics, all business companies would like to lure customers. The reason is that the homepage of your website is the first thing that visitors can see. You can agree that first impression you are getting from visualization. Competition between companies with similar service is very high! So how we can capture more visitors? Thats pretty simple – make your homepage more attractive!

     There are few ways how to make your homepage more attractive but in my humble opinion the best decision is to put technically good images. What does it mean technically good?
The images should be taken for a reason, not just a simple shot that has nothing to do with your product or text info. Photographs help ensure that your product or products make a positive first impression quickly. Every image must be in correct resolution, in focus, sharp and in good quality with no pixels.

Homepage is the most important page on a website

       Well, if there is website that contains info about your service or business company it is useful to place brand image or logos because tired, hurried minds are far more likely to consider a visual before text, since text requires additional effort to process. If you place that in correct form on your homepage that will help to gather viewers.

       In order to avoid competition the wise choice is to use services of front end developers, designers and marketing specialist. Web design is paramount to brand image that should also be approved with usability. The benefits of using these departments are: high visitation point, bridge gap between uncertainty and comfort and justify viewer expectations.

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Hacking, Phishing and Malware


Nowadays developing internet world we have to learn more about some of the most common security risks, including hacking, phishing and malware and how to protect your sites and servers. Thankfully, many of these hazards can be avoided by making yourself aware of the threats.

Hacking. Someone from another location breaks into your computer remotely to cause damage or steal information. Often this will include the hacker obtaining your personal information or turning your computer into a “zombie” to further their needs. Different hacking techniques include vulnerability scanners, password cracking, packet sniffers, rootkit, trojan horses, and key loggers.

Phishing. When a website is made to look like another website for the purpose of gathering personal information from a user. Phishing usually involves fake emails that appear to come from legitimate enterprises, such as your bank or credit union. These emails contain URLs that link to malicious web pages and will ask you to enter in private information, like passwords, bank account information, or credit card numbers. Attackers can then use the entered information to steal your (or your customers’) identity.

Malware is software designed to infiltrate or damage a computer system without the owner’s informed consent. Its only there to break stuff. There are several types of malware, including computer viruses, worm viruses, spyware, adware, scareware and crimeware. To spread Malware, perpetrators can create malicious websites of their own, exploit a vulnerability in the applications a website relies on or exploit a vulnerability on the web server or its configuration.
Malware is often download from an email attachment or from a suspicious website. However, malware can also infect servers and upload malicious code or web pages that deliver malware to the site’s visitors.

There are a few key practices that can greatly increase your protection from the majority of instances. To protect your sites and servers you should choose strong passwords that can’t be easily guess by computer programs. Additionally, keeping websites up to date with security patches is one of the most important means of protection. Companies often publish patches or security updates that are built to prevent these types of attacks.

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Best Practices for Data Backup

    ^3BBD16BDA47313D309A0D77A758984482D73678FDF24A14CBE^pimgpsh_fullsize_distr The object of making backups is to restore the files in the event of a problem. When you are doing a serious business you know the importance of a good backup. Here we present best practices for Data Backup:
Backups should not be on the same physical storage as your database files. Having the database backup on the same physical drive as the database itself is not a particular good idea, because in case something bad happens to the drive you lose both your database and your backup.
Set up schedules to automate your backups. These schedules will provide you an exact history of your data with the frequency you specify, depending on the business needs of your application or company, the importance of your data or other particular factors.
Use a test server to verify the restore procedure of your backups. Another item in the list of backup best practices is to frequently do a restoring test with all of the options you are going to use in a real-life scenario, on a test server. This will minimize the chances that you are caught off guard in the event of an unfortunate situation.
Test your recovery strategies. The success of a company is determined by its ability to quickly respond to changes. Although backup strategies are created to cover a full array of events, with time, they might become out of date. This is why, periodically, you should take the time and go over all of the scenarios and see if there are any new elements that should be introduced in your specific strategy.
Use all available verification options during backup process. This will help you be sure that all of the backups that you create will be created correctly and will be consistent from a transaction point of view.
Doing differential backups more frequently. Differential backups will take less time to complete and also less disk space as they will contain only the data that has been created since the last full backup. No database logs are needed in this case either and like we’ve said before, data will be more up to date
Do transaction log backups even more frequently and back up system databases as well. Transaction logs actually contain all the recent activity that has occurred in the database, it can be used to make a restore of the database to a specific point in time, and this is its biggest advantage!
Backup your most sensitive data to tape. This might not be a very common situation, but if your organization wants to be fully protected against data loss, then be sure to backup the data that it cannot afford to lose to tape. Tape is much more resistant to physical shock than disk drives and due to this it has a major advantage.
Following these best practices will keep you and your data protected. If you are going to incorporate these backup best practices, if not all then at least a few in your backup process you will eventually find the best combination of tools and tricks that will make your process more efficient and your data will be more safe.

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How to get started as a reseller?


Tis money that begets money!

Reseller could a person or company who buys a product or use the services at the same price and also sells or offers for another. In simple terms a reseller is simply resells the good or services of another company.  This is a type of business model corporate reseller, retail, direct market reseller, etc. You could start a reseller business quickly, easily and without  huge  financial investments, it depending on the product, reseller type and customer base that you have.

Be not too hasty to outbid another!

So if you want to get started as a reseller, you need to find right fit, to have a business plan, understand the Compensation Model, find the right product that will be in demand from customers or your existing customers base. In order to open startup as reseller you also you need to be well informed in your future business industry.

Internet\Software\Web resellers

The above mentioned  reseller types are very popular in our days. For example in the web hosting area, where a reseller will purchase bulk hosting from provider with the goal of selling it to a number of consumers with finance advantage for him. This business model is current and popularity grow with rising number of freelance web designers and it has many benefits with having server  for low price.

The most important thing is that  - becoming a reseller also involves becoming a business owner. There are some fundamentals of starting a business that you need to investigate and observe.

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Shared Hosting

One of the very popular types of the web hosting is actually shared hosting. Most of the web hosting companies do provide the shared hosting.

Shared hosting means that you literally share your server resources with the other users which are placed on the same hardware with you, but you still have a full access to your dedicated account with your own Internet domain name and a set amount of resources and features. Mostly people use shared hosting for not such big projects or the web sites with very high traffic. If your project is not this big shared hosting might perfectly satisfy all the options for your hosting needs. Shared hosting also might be very good for the beginners. Most individuals, small businesses, medium sized businesses and moderately trafficked web sites will thrive in a shared hosting environment. Well, this is always up to you.

Shared hosting also has some benefits. First of all shared hosting is the least expensive of all paid hosting options. That means it is always affordable and perfect for the budget projects. Another thing is that shared hosting is also very comfortable. All you have to be responsible about is only your own website. Each of users will be allocated a certain amount of bandwidth, disc space and features that you control via your control panel. You won’t have to worry about the things like for example replacing the drivers or upgrading the operating system software. You web hosting company will take care about it. With shared web hosting the provider is responsible for all server maintenance. General maintenance and upgrades to both server hardware and software are the sole responsibility of the host. You only take care about your business. Just find out the right scalability and the features, check out all the packages, pick the right one for you and go ahead!

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Which hosting type am I (Cloud)


Cloud Hosting is an innovative technology that is revolutionizing the way we do computing. The key concept of cloud is that you don’t buy the hardware, or even the software, with help of cloud hosting you make your investment smaller and oriented to operations rather than to assets acquisition.

Cloud can serve your needs to many different models, the important ones are:

1) Software as a Service (when you don’t need an entire data center or infrastructure or even your own server you might just need an application to perform a basic task like email, real-time chat, shared document writing, or social networking);

2) Platform as a Service (is a foundation upon which you build your own application. Forget about hardware concerns, low-level configuration, firewalls, backups, and such.The only thing you have to worry about here is the application itself);

3) Infrastructure as a Service (you outsource the hardware completely and build everything from scratch, it is just a combination of computing power and cloud storage made available to you according to precisely how much of each you need).

The pros to use Cloud Hosting. 

First of all, it frees you up to focus on what really matters: your innovative applications, your valuable users, and your crucial content without spending any time or energy on all the necessary infrastructure behind all of that.
Secondly, you can shift investments away from expensive and potentially risky capital expenditures to safer and more focused operational expenditures, where your money pays only for what you absolutely need.
Lastly, you will sleep easy knowing that all your data is safe in the cloud, housed and backed-up securely inside redundant systems, meaning they are virtually disaster-proof.

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How to effectively manage your server?


If you decide to purchase a dedicated server you need to manage it really effectively not to miss out on some of the most important benefits. In some cases, poor management results in security loopholes that cost businesses and individuals huge amounts of time and money. By keeping a few basic tips in mind, you can effectively manage your dedicated server and make the most of it at all times.
Scarabweb Company offers 3 types of OS to install on dedicated server. No matter whether you buy Linux OS, Windows OS or Virtualization OS you need to be familiar with the most effective tools for managing your dedicated server, you will be able to avoid the most common pitfalls.

Monitor your server.

First of all you need monitor your server. Effective monitoring can help you avoid a variety of serious issues. For Windows OS we have Task Manager or Event Viewer tool,  for Linux OS – Top command. It can be used to verify and monitor the performance of many server resources, including things like CPU and memory usage, cache size, buffer size, commands and much more. It’s also a good tools for monitoring and managing users because it lets you see the processes and applications that they’re using and gives you the ability to disconnect users when needed. This is a far more practical and effective way to monitor your server.

Manage processes and services.

Second tip is you should manage processes and services while monitoring your server. Different tools can be used to stay on top of various processes to ensure of easier detecting any problems and could be addressed promptly.

Manage remotely.

Thirdly, to prevent unauthorized access to your server you need to implement a change management processes and manage remotely.  There are many remote connection tools as Remote Desktop Connection tool, SSH connection or other which could warn your dedicated server to be vulnerable to attack. Try a few different options to pinpoint the one that’s right for you. By having the ability to access your server remotely, you will be better able to manage and monitor it.

 Set up a firewall.

To protect your dedicated server you also need to set up a firewall and configure it properly. It will help to prevent unknown users from accessing the server so that the server can only be accessed by trusted IP addresses. You can also choose an external firewall from various vendors like Cisco, Juniper, Watchguard, etc. Continually stay on top of the latest technologies to ensure that you have the best tools at your disposal.

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How to best manage your own dedicated server?

Rapid development and implementation of newManageServer-IMG technologies in the world provides society with a wide range of opportunities for running different business ideas. This is why it’s very important to consider the basis needed for that in details. Widespread of e-commerce allows thinking about a place for hosting company’s resources. A purchase of a dedicated server becomes an attractive solution in such terms, especially when traffic associated with the business has risen sharply and downloading data takes too much time. But the purchase itself is just an initial step in such a delicate matter as the more important question of what is the best way to manage this dedicated server.

Choosing between managed or unmanaged dedicated server is an important step to evaluate own capabilities to manage it personally or trust with a qualified team in this question. Most of people might say it’d be better to go with an unmanaged dedicated server, especially those who prefer saving as it wouldn’t require spending additional funds on someone’s efforts to administrate the server properly. However, further pitfalls may appear soon like protection of the data from malicious activity, grant of the back-ups in case of force majeure, as well as spend money and time to be sure the server runs reliably, etc. In these terms, managed dedicated servers appear in a winning solution as they don’t require much maintenance from the owner of the server. A managed dedicated server doesn’t require hiring additional employees to support it while it’s more easier to rely on the hosting provider that will be dedicated to this server and will do all the best to run it reliably. Another benefit of an unmanaged server is that 24/7 support is always ready to assist in issues with operating systems, software licenses, updates for said software licenses, storage maintenance of the server and others. With an unmanaged dedicated server, the owner will have to deal with all this personally, which requires not only additional investments but time also.

Uncovering the only minimum of cons and pros discussed above makes thinking about the advantages of getting a managed dedicated server, which are:

1. Removal of almost all the physical costs associated with the server.
2. Better server reliability and performance.
3. Efficient technical support and emergency.

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